His Head wanted by Turkey: Who is Fethullah Gulen the Eternal Leader of The Gulen Movement described by Turkish Leader as Fetullah Terrorist Organization (FETO).
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On the left is a photo of Gullen Fesullah with pope paul in 1998 where he told the pope the Following;· As Christianity is entering its third millennium, mutual visits should be made to such sacred Middle Eastern places as Antioch, Tarsus, Ephesus, and Jerusalem,Efforts should be made to declare Jerusalem an international district so that Christians, Jews, and Muslims can freely visit without limitations or a visa, With the cooperation of Christian, Jewish, and Muslim leaders, conferences should be arranged in various capitals, beginning in America, An independent university should be founded at Harran to meet these three religions’ needs. In addition, there should be a student exchange program between the Christian and Islamic worlds.In particular, the suggestion to make Harran a center of religious knowledge is a magnificent suggestion that will deter the difficulties we’re having in the Southeast. It also will contribute to global peace and open the way to healing wounds with “celestial compassion.” It should be supported.Fethullah Hodja did what was expected of him, and made his master happy by being an exemplary “loyal disciple.”
Fethullah Gulen was born in a small village near Turkey’s Erzurum province in 1941. Mr. Gulen’s father Ramiz Gulen, was an imam in the region and his mother, Refia Gulen, was the primary caregiver of the family and a major influence on Mr. Gulen’s spiritual and religious upbringing. Mr. Gulen attended his formal primary education in his home village, and after the family moved to a nearby village he began an informal religious education.
He was known to have an insatiable hunger for reading and knowledge of every subject on his curriculum and during this informal religious education, Fethullah Gulen maintained high interest in contemporary issues of his time. He also studied the classics such as Faust, Les Misérables, Of Mice and Man and many others to gain a better understanding of the western world; moreover, he had a keen interest in fine arts, enjoyed Turkish classical music and found painters such as Picasso and DaVinci awe inspiring. Fethullah Gulen has described the abstract style of Picasso to be in close congruence to the Islamic understanding of art.
Although he earned his preaching license at the age of 21 to deliver lectures in the western province of Edirne, Fethullah Gulen was allowed to start preaching much earlier in Erzurum due to his extraordinary achievements as a student. Mr. Gulen’s (Hodja Effendi as his followers refer to him) sermons and lectures were followed by mostly university students and intellectuals. Hodja Effendi’s artful and eloquent use of the Turkish language attracted an impressed audience and helped his reputation grow immensely throughout western Turkey.
During the late 1950s, Mr. Gulen discovered the works of another Turkish Muslim Scholar named Said Nursi. Nursi had diagnosed the key problems plaguing the Muslim world and humanity in general and labeled them as, poverty,ignorance and disunity. According to Nursi, these problems had to be tackled first if a revival of human values was to be achieved. Although they never met, Nursi became one of the few intellectuals who helped shape Fethullah Gulen’s take on contemporary issues.
Fethullah Gulen stood out among other preachers as he touched upon social, economic, educational and scientific topics in addition to normal religious issues. Gulen emphasized on importance of social activism and encouraged his fellow citizens to take on the country’s problems through volunteerism instead of expecting the government to accomplish everything. He preached a moderate version of Islam focusing on personal spiritual advancement through practice of the faith, tolerance towards others and helping fellow Muslims reach the same level of understanding.
In 1966, Mr. Fethullah Gulen was appointed to Izmir as the senior regional preacher, with permission to lecture in several provinces. Hodja Effendi’s transfer to Izmir is an important mile stone in hissocial activism. Izmir is where Mr. Gulen’s audience started to espouse his ideas around issues concerning social justice, economic recovery, educational revival and technological advancement to cure the aforementioned illnesses described by Nursi.
Hodja Effendi set the wheels of social change in motion utilizing the potential peaceful activism of Turkish people in whom Gulen has a profound trust. He described the society’s current situation clearly and showed the means through which poverty, ignorance and disunity could be overcome. The first action being to increase literacy and the quality of education in the country. He was able to mobilize the business people in his congregation to fund such educational institutions, so called “Gulen Schools”, as dormitories, college prep centers, K-12 schools and finally universities that had a great emphasis on science and human values.
Having institutions did not mean anything unless they had high quality teachers who would devote themselves to educate the youth to prepare an enlightened future for humanity. Thousands of university students who listened to Fethullah Gulen’s lectures chose to become teachers regardless of their field of study. As more and more people attended Hodja Effendi’s lectures, the number of educational institutions inspired by his ideas increased rapidly in Turkey.
In the second half of 1980s, Fethullah Gulen’s vision for a “better world through a better education” lead him to put forward a new proposal for his audience: to open schools in central Asian countries that were soon to be set free from the Soviet Union. He started with these newly democratized countries because of their ethnic closeness to Turks in Anatolia. In the coming years, Mr. Gulen urged his followers to open and fund educational institutions wherever needed in the World.
To tackle poverty and disunity, in the 1990s, Hodja Effendi encouraged members of his community to set up relief organizations that would operate around the globe and help all individuals in need regardless of their background. Also at this time, he and members of his community started a dialogue among people from all walks of life in Turkey and later carried it to a global scale to achieve a higher level of understanding between different cultures, faiths, traditions and views. Mr. Gulen believes that a sustainable world peace can never be achieved without sincere communication and dialogue.
By the mid 1990s, Hodja Effendi’s reached a large enough number to be labeled a social movement, often referred to as “The Gulen Movement” or “The Fethullah Gulen Community” in the media. The Gulen Movement funds all of its activities by donations from members of the community from the general public and does not accept any help support from governments in any form. This approach has helped the Movement stay away from corruption and politics.
Fethullah Gulen currently resides in the US state of Pennsylvania. He suffers from many physical ailments that cause him to live a very austere lifestyle. On occasions of good health, Mr. Gulen welcomes visitors and conducts lectures with members of the Movement.
THE 2016 BOTCHED COUP IN TURKEY
Shortly after the botched coup attempt of 15 July 2016, the Turkish government stated that the coup attempt had been organized by Gülen and/or his movement. Turkish prime minister Binali Yıldırım in late July 2016 told The Guardian: “Of course, since the leader of this terrorist organization is residing in the United States, there are question marks in the minds of the people whether there is any U.S. involvement or backing. So America from this point on should really think how they will continue to cooperate with Turkey, which is a strategic ally for them in the region and world. Gülen, who denied any involvement in the coup attempt and denounced it has in turn accused Erdoğan of “turning a failed coup into a slow-motion coup of his own against constitutional government.
On 19 July, an official request had been sent to the U.S. for the extradition of Fethullah Gülen. On 23 July 2016, Turkey formally submitted a formal extradition request accompanied by certain documents as supporting evidence.
On 19 September, Turkish government officials met with retired US Army Lt. General Mike Flynn, former CIA Director James Woolsey, and others to discuss legal and potentially illegal ways such as enforced disappearance for removing Gülen from the US. In March 2017, Flynn registered as a foreign agent for his 2016 lobbying work on behalf of the government of Turkey.
Rudy Giuliani privately urged Donald Trump in 2017 to extradite Gülen.
In addition, the Turkish government reportedly sought to pressure a number of foreign governments into shutting down schools and medical facilities allegedly associated with the Gülen movement including in Pakistan, Uganda, Somalia, Germany, Indonesia, Nigeria and Kenya. In Somalia, two large schools and a hospital linked to the movement have been shut down following a request by the Turkish administration. Albania and Bosnia have also seen requests by Turkey to close or investigate Gülen-linked schools.
In March 2017, former CIA Director James Woolsey told the Wall Street Journal that he had been at a 19 September 2016 meeting with then Trump campaign advisor Mike Flynn with Turkey’s foreign minister, Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu, and energy minister, Berat Albayrak, where the possibility of Gulen’s abduction and forced rendition to Turkey was discussed. Although no concrete kidnapping plan was discussed, Woolsey left the meeting, concerned that a general discussion about “a covert step in the dead of night to whisk this guy away” might be construed as illegal under American law. A spokesman for Flynn denied Woolsey’s account, telling Business Insider that no nonjudicial removal had been discussed at the meeting.
In July 2017, one year after the anti-Erdoğan coup, Gülen wrote: “Accusations against me related to the coup attempt are baseless, politically motivated slanders. In the 1990s, Gulen had been issued a special Turkish passport as a retired holder of the religious post, in the Turkish state religion of Sunni Islam of mufti but in 2017 this passport was revoked. Unless Gulen travels to Turkey by the end of September 2017, he will be stateless-Turkey Government warned. On 26 September 2017, Gulen asked for a United Nations commission to investigate the 2016 coup attempt.
Also, Gulen said in an interview with NPR: “To this day, I have stood against all coups. My respect for the military aside, I have always been against interventions. …If any one among those soldiers had called me and told me of their plan, I would tell them, ‘You are committing murder. If they ask me what my final wish is, I would say the person [Erdogan] who caused all this suffering and oppressed thousands of innocents, I want to spit in his face.
On 28 September 2017, Erdoğan requested the U.S. to extradite Gülen in exchange for American pastor Andrew Brunson, under arrest in Turkey on charges related to Brunson’s alleged affiliation with “FETO” (the Gulen movement); Erdoğan said, “You have a pastor too. Give him to us.Then we will try [Brunson] and give him to you.You give us that one and we’ll work with our judiciary and give back yours. The Federal judiciary alone determines extradition cases in the U.S. An August 2017 decree gave Erdogan authority to approve the exchange of detained or convicted foreigners with people held in other countries. Asked about the suggested swap on 28 September 2017, U.S. State Department spokeswoman Heather Nauert said: “I can’t imagine that we would go down that road. We have received extradition requests for him [Gulen].” Anonymous US officials have said to reporters that the Turkish government has not yet provided sufficient evidence for the U.S. Justice Department to charge Gulen.
As of September 2017, what Turkey had provided the U.S. was information about Gulen dating to before the 2016 coup attempt and Turkey was in the process of compiling information allegedly linking Gulen to the coup attempt.
In 2017, Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch separately issued statements urging governments to avoid extraditions to Turkey. In November 2018, the Trump administration asked the U.S. Justice Department to explore what legal justifications could be used, should it decide to seek for Gulen to be deported. On 17 December 2018, the US Department of Justice announced the indictment of two men, alleging that they acted “in the United States as illegal agents of the Government of Turkey” and conspired “to covertly influence U.S. politicians and public opinion against” Fetullah Gulen. The two men, former associates of ex-US national security adviser Michael Flynn, used the now-dissolved Flynn Intel Group in an effort to discredit Gulen dating back to July 2016, according to the indictment.
- Martin Luther King Jr. International Chapel at Morehouse College awarded its 2015 Gandhi King Ikeda Peace Award to Gülen in recognition of his lifelong dedication to promoting peace and human rights.
- Gülen topped the 2008 Top 100 Public Intellectuals Polland came out as the most influential thinker.
- Gülen was named as one of TIMEmagazine’s World’s 100 Most Influential People in 2013.[
- In 2015, Oklahoma City Thunderbasketball player Enes Kanter said that he was excluded from the Turkish national basketball team for his public support of Gülen.
- Gülen was listed as one of the 500 most influential Muslims by the Royal Islamic Strategic Studies Centre in Amman, Jordan.
- Gülen was listed on the Watkins’ Spiritual 100 List for 2019as one of the ‘100 Most Spiritually Influential Living People’.
Gülen’s official website lists 44 publications by him; these are, however, more akin to essays and collections of sermons than books on specific subjects with a specific thesis. He is also said to have authored many articles on a variety of topics: social, political and religious issues, art, science and sports, and recorded thousands of audio and video cassettes. He writes the lead article for The Fountain, Yeni Ümit, Sızıntı, and Yağmur Islamic philosophical magazines. Several of his books have been translated into English.
- The Messenger of God: Muhammad, Tughra Books, 2nd edition, 2008. ISBN1597841374
- Reflections on the Qur’an: Commentaries on Selected Verses, Tughra Books, 2012. ISBN1597842648
- Toward Global Civilization Love and Tolerance, Tughra Books, 2010.
- From Seed to Cedar: Nurturing the Spiritual Needs in Children, Tughra Books, 2013. ISBN1597842788
- Terror and Suicide Attacks: An Islamic Perspective, Tughra Books, 2008. ISBN1932099743
- Journey to Noble Ideals: Droplets of Wisdom from the Heart(Broken Jug), Tughra Books, 2014. ISBN 1597843482
- Speech and Power of Expression, Tughra Books, 2010. ISBN1597842168
- Selected Prayers of Prophet Muhammad, Tughra Books, 2012. ISBN1597842265
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